Saturday, November 27, 2010

Islam and Terrorism

Rising Of a New Interpretation Of Islam:
After the cold war ended, and soviets left Afghanistan, internal wars started in the country. The tribal wars continued over a long time period and in late 90’s, a new phenomenon “Taliban” emerged on the surface of Afghanistan.

These Taliban used the name of Islam for their political empowerment so that they can gain sympathy from their fellow Muslim brothers. All their action from that moment till now is based on a specific ideology which is given below.

Taliban’s Ideology:

There are two main verses of Quran which are interpreted by some of the scholar of recent times to make it obligatory on a person to make a Muslim establishment over whole world. The first verse which is often quoted by these scholars in Quran is: 

He has sent His messenger with the guidance and the true religion, and will make it dominate all religions, in spite of the idol worshipers. [61:9]

This verse is regularly quoted by the scholars representing this ideology and base on it they think that it is mandatory on every Muslim to strive hard for the political empowerment over the world. The particular practice is often referred as “Fariza-e-Aqamat-e-Deen”.

The second verse which is used to support the above argument is:

[42:13] He decreed for you the same religion decreed for Noah, and what we inspired to you, and what we decreed for Abraham, Moses, and Jesus: "You shall uphold this one religion, and do not divide it."

The last part of verse is saying that "You shall uphold this one religion, and do not divide it." In Arabic the words are “Aqeem ud deen” and the term is quoted as to uphold the religion over whole world i.e the religion “Islam” should be uphold and implied to the government as a law in every country.


The outcome of this particular perspective was an extremist government, in the form of Taliban in Afghanistan.  English medium schools were destroyed; children were not allowed to get higher scientific education as it was referred as “Western Education”. Women were not given their fundamental rights; they were not allowed to go out and were detained in their houses. Islam was imposed on every person living in that society where as organizations such as “Shariah Court” came into working, verdict of which could not have been challenged in any other court.

The same concept due to which Taliban came into power in Afghanistan led them to dream to rule over whole world while presenting their need of political empowerment in the veil of political Islamic interpretation. The tragedy of 9/11 is one of the most prominent examples of this extremist interpretation of Islam.

Counter Arguments on Taliban’s Ideology:

The verse which is presented is:

When a person read this verse in the proper context of Quran, he understands that this verse is telling about a particular Sunnah of Al-Mighty Allah. The sunnah of Allah refers to the fact that whenever He sends his prophets (Rasools) to people, Allah S.W.T makes them and their followers conquer the world as well as, they are assured the blessings of Al-Mighty in paradise also. It may be possible that a “Rasool” is neglected by his nation but it is the sunnah of Al-Mighty that he or his followers will most surely conquer that nation. Quran says that: 

Surely, those who oppose GOD and His messenger will be with the lowliest. [58:20]
GOD has decreed: "I and My messengers will most assuredly win." GOD is Powerful, Almighty. [58:21]

Prophet Mohammad (may Allah’s S.W.T peace and blessings be upon him), was also a prophet (Rasool) of God. Hence the sunnah of Al-Mighty is same for him too. It is said:

Such is GOD's system throughout history, and you will find that GOD's system is unchangeable. [48:23]

The “sunnah” of God is translated to God’s system in the above verse. The question now is that how does this sunnah of God took place? The disbelievers were killed by the companions of Prophet Mohammad (may Allah’s S.W.T peace and blessings be upon him), and the promise of God came true. The same sunnah of God implies to the nation of Noah, Moses, Samood etc. It is stated in Quran that:

Tell those who disbelieved: if they stop, all their past will be forgiven. But if they return, they will incur the same fate as their previous counterparts. [8:38]

You shall fight them to ward off oppression, and to practice your religion devoted to GOD alone. If they refrain from aggression, then GOD is fully Seer of everything they do. [8:39]

Similarly the same sunnah of Al-Mighty is referred as the promise of God to His prophet and companions of prophet. It is said:

GOD promises those among you who believe and lead a righteous life, that He will make them sovereigns on earth, as He did for those before them, and will establish for them the religion He has chosen for them, and will substitute peace and security for them in place of fear. All this because they worship me alone; they never set up any idols beside Me. Those who disbelieve after this are the truly wicked. [24:55]

The Ideology of Violence and Our Society:

The ideology behind present-day terrorism is that, Islam being a political system, it is the duty of all Muslims to establish Islamic rule in the world. This thinking was not there during the time of the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah’s S.W.T peace and blessings be upon him). It is a later innovation which was developed in the last few centuries by a handful of people. Having become widespread in the Muslim world today, it is leading to present-day violence.

A large number of Muslims, and especially the youth of our society, have become obsessed with this ideology and are trying to establish the political rule of Islam, thinking it to the way to paradise. Having failed to achieve this objective of establishing Islamic rule, instead of questioning them that what is the motive of our religion? They switched to violence and terrorist activities. The idea to the approach being that if we cannot eliminate non-Islamic rule, then let us at least destabilize it and pave the way for Islamic rule.
The above thinking is spreading gradually in our society and even our elite class scholars try to defend this ideology. According to federal minister for tourism Maulana Attaur Rehman:

"Ulema and Taliban are the true followers of Islamic ideology and America is the biggest terrorist of the world, which is creating hatred against them.”

The Ideology of Peace:

Prophet Mohammad (may Allah’s S.W.T peace and blessings be upon him) was a Prophet of Peace and whole teaching of Islam is based upon tolerance and compassion. But sadly Muslims of today are acting intolerantly and paying price for this unnatural thinking.

It is often said in our society that “Give us justice and peace will ensue”. The statement itself contradicts to its meanings as it is impossible to have any kind of justice until there is peace in the society. For providing justice to anyone, it is necessary that there should be peace in society. Without peace justice could not be provided to a person or a group.

Let’s take an example from the recent history to understand the ideology of peace. The cold war between Soviets and Americans lasted for half a century approximately, but in the end Americans won it. The reason behind it was not only the power used by Americans but they ideologically defeated the concept of communism. Same strategy should be used to defeat these Taliban, that is they should be condemned ideologically by condemning this so called terrorism through logical reasoning and spreading the true message of Islam.

Jihad in Islam:

The sources of Islam tell us that war is strictly prohibited in Islam. The order of Jihad is given but that too is for special circumstances. Muslims are to fight i.e. do Jihad in order to maintain peace in the society, hence it can be said that Jihad is always done against injustice. The order of Jihad is only for the state and no such group or an organization can do it on its own. The Qur’an has this to say of the mission of the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah’s S.W.T peace and blessings be upon him):

"We have not sent you forth but as a mercy to mankind." (21:107)

Prophet Mohammad (may Allah’s S.W.T peace and blessings be upon him) is known as Rehmat-ul-Alameen i.e. he is blessing of God and as God says that he was sent as mercy. Similarly the Prophet Muhammad has observed:

“God grants to gentleness (rifq) what He does not grant to violence (unf)". (Sunah Abu Dawud 4/255)


“The violent method gives your opponents justification for violent retaliation, but if you adopt peaceful methods, the other party has no grounds for using force against you.” Maulana Wahidduddin Khan

A peaceful method saves you from wasting your time and energy. Remaining peaceful helps to normalize the situation and so is constructive. By remaining peaceful, a person controls all his conscious and uses all his intelligence. Moreover, violence only breeds hatred and intolerance, while peace fosters love and compassion. Peace is the greatest social good, for it inculcates positivity among people. Where there is peace there can be developmental activities. But without a peaceful atmosphere, there can be no progress whatsoever.

The above analysis is done on the basis of realistic approach and is based on the thinking of Quran and teachings of Prophet Mohammad (may Allah’s S.W.T peace and blessings be upon him). I end all of this by saying that All the Praise Is For God the Most Beneficial The Most Merciful.”

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